Hyderabad is a city located in Sindh province of southern Pakistan. Hyderabad is the 8th largest city in Pakistan and the 2nd largest in the province of Sindh.
Hyderabad is noteworthy in Sindh and Pakistan generally for its comparative tolerance towards religious and ethnic minorities. The city is a multi-ethnic and has a mix of Sindhi, Urdu speaking
Muhajirs, Brahuis, Punjabis, Pashtuns, Memons and Baloch people.
The independence of Pakistan in 1947 saw the influx of Muslim Urdu-speaking Muhajirs from India fleeing from anti-Muslim pogroms. Mahjirs mainly live in Latifabad and Sindhi mainly live in Qasimabad areas.
A large influx of Punjabis were attracted to Hyderabad after the Indus treaty settlement. Most Punjabis and Pakhtuns are distinct and separately living near the railway station and its vicinity.
The city therefore has cosmopolitan atmosphere with multiethnic and multicultural communities.
Hindus account for the largest religious minority forming 5% of the total population of the city. While Christians account for 1% of the total population, Hyderabad is the seat of a Diocese of the Church of Pakistan and has five churches and a cathedral.